Recultivation and renaturation with the HEN forest and stone milling machine
The HEN RBM forestry milling machine is perfectly suitable for use wherever there are remnants of branches, brushwood or stumps, especially on stony ground or on sealed surfaces.
The HEN forestry and stone milling machine shreds branches, brushwood, stones, roots and other useless material, mills up sealed surfaces and works the ground so that it can be used again. It crushes, it mills off and it breaks stones in one operation. The processed areas are milled and mixed up to 40cm into the subsoil.
An optimal recultivated terrain with a new soil structure is created with the forestry milling machine.
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What is recultivation?
Recultivation is about making the usable area available again for animals and plants after the renaturation, the recultivation. The term recultivation is mainly used for the areas of mining and opencast mining. But making overgrown or sealed areas arable again is also an important topic in land use.
What does recultivation mean?
It restores the habitats that were previously destroyed. Renaturation is about restoring the habitat for fauna and flora. Through these measures, animals and plants are provided with near-natural habitats again. This can be in the form of recreational areas, lakes, forest areas, fens and marshes.
What measures of recultivation do exist?
There are different measures for municipal recultivation. Due to the wood used in many places for construction and material sector, it is also used for many purposes. In addition, it is a renewable raw material. Due to the high demand, reforestation was necessary. Many site-appropriate and ecologically stable forest communities were established, and the state also promoted near-natural forestry.
Forestry and cultural landscape recultivation includes many species of trees and shrubs. Primarily deciduous trees were planted, because they were always represented in greater numbers than conifers. However, conifers can also be found in the population and they excellently loosen the landscape.
Every year, several hundred woody plants are planted, in the form of English oak and copper beech, littleleaf linden and wild fruit trees. Some of these are purchased from tree nurseries or obtained from the seeds of old stocks in order to preserve the genetic potential of the old-growth forests.
Löss is not yet a soil suitable for arable farming. It also needs humus to give the plants the necessary nutrients and to feed microorganisms, which are very important for the soil function. Likewise, this includes cultivating new fields. Alfalfa roots the soil deeply in the first few years, enriching it with nitrogen. The primary goal is to activate the soil biologically and not to harvest a good crop. After that, other crops, cereals and plants are grown that can be tilled and harvested in a way that is gentle on the soil.
To ensure land cultivation, specialists use stone milling machines and forestry milling machines as attachments for tractors with wide tires, so as not to compact the soil layer too much. Through these devices, stones, roots and all kinds of disruptive material are shredded. Nature then gradually returns to the newly created habitat during recultivation.
In recultivation, the creation of water areas also plays a key role, because even these have fallen a victim to cultivation over the course of time. In this way, the animal world is also offered a new home through subsequent use and species protection can be practiced. Nature does much of this work itself; humans only provide initial help. Gradually, it is no longer recognizable that human beings have done the work and initiated the reclamation.
In the meantime, almost 3,000 animal and over 1,000 plant species that were previously thought to be extinct have found their way into the area of the former brown coal fields. But people also appreciate the new recultivation areas and see them as new destinations for excursions.